My first trip to Deeg palace was on January, 2016. The purpose behind the trip was purely research on the Palace’s Architecture and history.
Deeg palace was created by Jats on the plains of Braj in the 18th century when they were on the point of conquering Delhi at the behest of falling Mughal Empire.
The palace is famous for the water system which is beautifully laid in beautiful Char Bagh gardens. Each plot is divided into four equal sized parterres by means of water channel with fountains. These parts were further divided into walkways in the middle.
The palace houses over 900 fountain which is supplied by an overhead tank and water is supplied through earthen pipes (clay pipes).
Raja and the builder of Bharatpur was Suraj Mal. He created the char bagh gardens at the deeg palace. Char bagh was a Mughal concept which was led by Babur a Mughal Ruler who previously created in Agra. The principle of creating char bagh with moving water was to overcome the heat, dust and strong winds. The palace is a summer retreat built by the prince. The palace consist of underground chambers. The gardens consisted of ambrosial flower and lush fruits.
Romance in Hindu tradition is associated with varsha (rains)
“If formerly rains come from heaven, now the earth rains upon the skies” – Kaline Oasaid
The building of the gardens begin from 1725 and continued till the 18 the century. The Deeg Gardens is the best Mughal garden ever built after Pinjore. Two huge water reservoirs were built on western and eastern sides of the palace named Gopal Sagar and Rup Sagar.
The main material used in the construction was stone, brick, mortar. Pink sandstone which is hard and good for sculptural work was used which were brought from Bansi Paharpur.
The Architecture and Design of Deeg Palace describes the personality of Suraj Mal. The layout of the palace is beautifully designed with a large formal garden at the center, the Nand Bhawan to the North, Kishan Bhawan to the South , the Keshav Bhawan to the East of Rup Sagar and Gopal Bahawan on the West of Gopal Sagar.
The palace is built on a perfectly levelled site.
The features of the Architectural style:
- Engrilled arched on ornate pillars(column).
- Hypostyle halls
- Flat roof
- Double chajja brackets
- Bengal roof domes
- Decorative flower beds