ITALIAN ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE

curator hall

Monreale Cathedral, Sicily.

PLANS

The plans of most of the churches were substantially the same as the basilicas, more especially in Central Italy; in the North the churches are mostly vaulted, modifications being introduced on the lines of German work; in the South, the low lanterns at the crossing, oblong in plan, are marked features, as at Monreale Cathedral. The choir was occasionally raised to admit of a crypt beneath, reached by steps from the nave. A number of circular examples were built mainly as baptisteries, that at Novara being connected to the cathedral by an atrium. There is a fine atrium at S. Ambrogio, Milan. In the North the open arcades of the apses seen in conjunction with the usual arcaded octagonal lantern at the crossing, constitute the charm of the style. Projecting porches were preferred to recessed doorways, and are bold open-arched structures, often of two stories…

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