West Asiatic Architecture has been divided into three tolerably distinct periods :
The Babylonian (Chaldaean) period (c. B.C. 4000-1275).
The Assyrian period (B.C. 1275-538).
The Persian period (B.C. 538-333).
THE BABYLONIAN PERIOD
Temples of the Babylonian period, of which such surprising discoveries have recently been made—as of the plans of the Temples of Marduk, and Ashur on the sites of ancient Babylon and Ashur—seem to have formed the centre, not only of religious, but of commercial and social life, and to have served as granaries, storehouses, and even as money banks. Remarkable pyramidal towers, known as ziggurats (holy mountains) were also erected, from the summit of which the powerful class of astrologer-priests observed the heavenly bodies and formulated their prognostications. Traces of ziggurats, which were of different types, have been found on most of the Chaldaean city sites, such as Mugheir (Ur of the Chaldees), Nippur, Tello (Eninnu), and Warka…
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