Wood flooring is any product manufactured from timber that is designed for use as flooring, either structural or aesthetic. Wood is a common choice as a flooring material and can come in various styles, colors, cuts, and species.
TYPES OF WOODEN FLOORING
- Solid hardwood floors are made of planks milled from a single piece of timber. Solid hardwood floors were originally used for structural purposes, being installed perpendicular to the wooden support beams of a building known as joists or bearers.
- It looks fabulous and, provided it’s installed correctly.
- Solid wood flooring swells in damp conditions and shrinks in dry ones.
- It’s the toughest to install because it has to be glued or nailed down, and fitting the individual boards together can be difficult because they change shape once they’ve been manufactured.
- Highest price for entry-level products.
- Engineered wood flooring is composed of two or more layers of wood in the form of a plank. The top layer (lamella) is the wood that is visible when the flooring is installed and is adhered to the core. The increased stability of engineered wood is achieved by running each layer at a 90° angle to the layer above. This stability makes it a universal product that can be installed over all types of sub-floors above, below or on grade. Engineered wood is the most common type of wood flooring used globally.
- The way it is constructed makes engineered wood flooring more stable than a piece of solid wood, and less prone to changes caused by a room’s temperature or humidity.
- It is more attractive than laminate flooring and cheaper than comparable solid-wood planks.
- There are very few cons, but tongue-and-groove is harder to install than click-lock. It can be a lot more expensive than laminate.
- Veneer floors use a thin layer of wood over a core that is commonly a composite wood product.
WOODEN FLOOR FINISH
- Water-based finishes are clear and will resist turning yellow over time. They are very durable.
- Oil-based finishes are amber in color. They are very durable.
- Moisture-cured finishes are clear to amber in color. They are extremely durable and are more moisture-resistant than other surface finishes.
- Conversion varnish finishes are clear to slightly amber in color. They are very durable.
- Wax finishes soak into the wood and harden to form a protective penetrating seal, which will appear low luster and amber in color. They are durable, but can show spots from water and other contaminates.
- UV cured finishes are finishes that are instantly cured using ultraviolet light. Multiple sheens are available.
- Natural oil finishes can be penetrating oils or hard wax oil finishes. They penetrate into the pores of the wood to achieve a durable, long-lasting finish.